Liss Llewellyn Fine Art - 20th Century British Art

Francis Spear (1902-1979)   BIOGRAPHY

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Design for glass stained window, early 1940's
Unmounted (ref: 7063)
Signed with monogram
Black ink, gouache
30 x 12 1/2 in. (76.2 x 31.8 cm)

 


During the War Spear ceased teaching at the RCA (which was evacuated to Ambleside in 1940) and served for three years as a fire-fighter in Shepherds Bush.  This  Wartime period was not a completely redundant time for Spear from a professional point of view -  he assisted on the removal, for protection, of windows at Canterbury Cathedral.  He also experimented with new designs which were more modern in feel, a change that he hoped would  'give the feeling of the subject with the greatest simplicity and with the elimination of all details.' and devised his distinctive monogram of an interlocking S with a sideways F.  When the War ended  Spear gained so many commissions  - to replace  stained glass windows destroyed during the Blitz.- that by 1947 he was employing four assistants.

During his career, he designed windows for over 130 locations; and a short list of notable designs include his earliest window, at Warwick School (1925), St. Olave's in the City (1929), Snaith (1936), Beckenham (1948), Canterbury (1949), Glasgow Cathedral (1951, 1953, 1958), Highbury (1955), Westgate (1960) and Penarth (1962).

The collection of the Prints and Drawings department of the Victoria & Albert Museum own all of  the surviving cartoons for the  300 extant windows he produced over his fifty year long career.

We are grateful to Alan Brooks and Simon Spear for assistance.



Francis Spear (1902-1979)

Francis Howard Spear was born on 22nd December 1902 in South Norwood, south London.

He attended the LCC School of Arts and Crafts (which became the Central School of Arts and Design), he successfully passed Parts 1 and 2 of the Board of Education's Examination in Industrial Design, specialising in stained glass in 1923.
While studying at the Central School in 1922, he became pupil-assistant to Martin Travers, the leading English pratitioner of stained glass.

Spear won a National Scholarship to the Royal College of Art in 1923, with a chosen specialism stained glass.

Francis Spear is an important, though not now well-know, figure in twentieth century English stained glass. His working career covers 50 years, from 1922 when he began working with Martin Travers, to 1972, when he ceased teaching at Reigate School of Art.

During his career, he designed some notable windows, and a short list would include his earliest window, at Warwick School (1925), St. Olave's in the City (1929), Snaith (1936), Beckenham (1948), Canterbury (1949), Glasgow Cathedral (1951, 1953, 1958), Highbury (1955), Westgate (1960) and Penarth (1962)




See all works by Francis Spear