Liss Llewellyn Fine Art - 20th Century British Art

Colin Gill (1892-1940)   BIOGRAPHY

Soldiers Laying Telephone Wire, 1918
Framed (ref: 6081)
Oil on canvas, 76.2 x 50.8 cm


Provenance: until 1972 this painting was attributed to Paul Nash on the basis of an old inscription on the canvas; 1972 sold at Christies (as unattributed); private collection until 2004; private collection from 2014

In December 1914, four months after Britain had declared war on Germany, Gill suspended his scholarship to volunteer for the Royal Garrison Artillery and by October 1915, he had been sent to the Front in France as a Second Lieutenant of the 17th Heavy Battery. In 1916 he was seconded to the Royal Engineers to work as a camouflage officer before being invalided out with severe gas poisoning in April 1918. After spending several months convalescing at the Hospital for Officers on the Isle of White, Gill requested that he might be appointed an Official War Artist :

My name is Lieutenant Colin Gill of the Royal Engineers - my age 26; before the war I was a painter and studied at the Slade School of Art, London University. In 1913, I was awarded the Rome Scholarship in painting . I joined the army in 1914, went to France in 1915 and have been in the line ever since. I have had nearly three years first-hand experience of this line and feel capable of recording my impressions in pictures which would be of assistance to the work of the Ministry of Information.' (Letter to the Ministry of Information, 22 May 1918)

By 25th June Gill had been given a six-month appointment as an Official War Artist, and had received a letter from the ministry reminding him that every work executed 'becomes the property of the Nation.' For this reason war paintings by Gill, outside the sixteen in the collection of the Imperial War Museum, are scarce.

This painting can be seen as a pair to the one of identical size and similar subject in the Imperial War Museum  Observation of Fire: Gunner Officers Correcting Their Battery Fire by Field Telephone from a Disused Trench in No-Man's-Land.  

Gill resumed his Scholarship at The British School at Rome in 1919.  A photograph of Gill in his Rome studio, circa 1920, shows a first world war helmet as a studio prop.  It is known that Gill completed his epic Canadian Observation Post (Canadian War Museum) in Rome and it is  possible that this canvas was also  completed at this time. 

Field telephones were first used in the First World War to direct troops. They replaced flag signals and the telegraph as an efficient means of communication but they  depended upon the laying of land lines.  The laying of lines - often across no-man's land -  was an extremely precarious activity, conducted where possible under the cover of dusk or dawn, (hence the sombre palette of this composition).  Repairing lines damaged by enemy fire was a continuous activity - in Gill's painting shells can be seen exploding overhead.   

The first field telephones had a wind-up generator, used to power the telephone's ringer & batteries to send the call.. These early telephone systems were not mobile, so radio (a development from the telegraph, and then known as the 'wireless' because it was not dependent on external electrical wiring) also played a crucial role in communications - although radio sets were not very portable either.


Colin Gill (1892-1940)

Decorative and genre painter, born in Bexley Heath, Kent. He was a cousin of the sculptor and printmaker Eric Gill. He studied at the Slade School, and in 1913 won a scholarship to the British School at Rome. His scholarship was interrupted by the First World War: he served in France 1915-18 and was appointed an Official War Artist. From 1922-25 he was a member of staff at the Royal College of Art. He died in South Africa in 1940, while working on a series of murals for the Magistrates Court in Johannesburg. His work is held in the Tate Gallery and the Imperial War Museum.

Gill can lay claim both to being the first painter to win a scholarship to the British School at Rome and to have produced its most iconic image: Allegory, 1921. He also started the fruitful tradition of scholars taking up residence in the small village of Anticoli Corrardo, just south of Rome, during the hot summer months. However, like many of the Rome Scholars who came after him, there is a sense that Gill never fulfilled the remarkable promise of his early work. After returning from Italy his paintings appear to be caught uncomfortably between two desires: on one hand, to continue in the nineteenth-century tradition in which he had been trained, and, on the other, to embrace something more contemporary and avant-garde. He was a keen photographer and also a novelist.

See all works by Colin Gill